San Uk Ling Holding Centre (Chinese: 新屋嶺扣留中心) is a detention centre in Man Kam To, New Territories, Hong Kong. It is located in a remote area, a few hundred metres from the Man Kam To Control Point, a border crossing facility between Hong Kong and China.
San Uk Ling Holding Centre opened in July 1979 to house illegal immigrants prior to their repatriation. Increasing numbers of illegal immigrants, attempting to sneak into Hong Kong from China, had overburdened an existing detention facility at Ta Kwu Ling, which could only accommodate 60 people. The San Uk Ling facility, with a capacity of around 600, was built to hold illegal immigrants prior to their repatriation across the Chinese border, about a kilometre to the north. Unlike other prisons in Hong Kong, which are run by the Correctional Services Department, San Uk Ling is operated by the Hong Kong Police Force. Contrary to popular belief, the detention centre is no longer located within the Frontier Closed Area, as the size of the closed area was reduced in recent years.
San Uk Ling was used to detain protesters during the 2019 Hong Kong protests, and there have been controversial allegations of mistreatment and sexual violence which have been vehemently denied by the police.
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