The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China is a national law of the People’s Republic of China that serves as the de facto constitution of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
Comprising nine chapters, 160 articles and three annexes, the Basic Law was adopted on 4 April 1990 by the Seventh National People’s Congress and signed by President Yang Shangkun.
The Basic Law came into effect on 1 July 1997 in Hong Kong when the sovereignty over Hong Kong was transferred from the United Kingdom to the People’s Republic of China, replacing Hong Kong’s colonial constitution of the Letters Patent and the Royal Instructions.
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