The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) is a public research university in Shatin, Hong Kong formally established in 1963 by a charter granted by the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. It is the territory’s second oldest university and was founded as a federation of three existing colleges – Chung Chi College, New Asia College and United College – the oldest of which was founded in 1949.
Today, CUHK is organized into nine constituent colleges and eight academic faculties, and remains the only collegiate university in the territory. The university operates in both English and Chinese, although classes in most colleges are taught in English. Four Nobel laureates are associated with the university, and it is the only tertiary institution in Hong Kong with recipients of the Nobel Prize, Turing Award, Fields Medal and Veblen Prize sitting as faculty in residence.
During the 2019 Hong Kong protests, the campus became the site of a series of clashes between protesters and the Hong Kong Police Force. On November 12, the riot police entered the campus and fired 1567 tear gas, 380 bean bag rounds and 1312 rubber bullets while protesters built barricades, throwing bricks and petrol bombs. President Rocky Tuan tried to seek meditation with the police, which was rejected. It resulted in a 2-day siege of the university by the police 13 to 15 November. Most protesters then left the campus by 15 November. At least 70 students were injured.
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